Canadian Forces Bases (CFBs) are the homes of the operational and support units of the Canadian Forces. A base must be designated by the Minister of National Defence. Although a base may be an army garrison or an air force wing, it is still defined as a base. There are also Canadian Forces Stations, which are smaller than bases and are operationally oriented, usually without any support capability. Each base or station is responsible to a command, depending on its designation as army, navy or air force. In addition, there are Forward Operating Locations (FOLs), unmanned airstrips in Canada’s north which house reserves of aviation fuel for emergency use, and radar sites, minimally manned or unmanned sites stretching across northern Canada.
National Defence Headquarters (NDHQ), Ottawa
Land Force (Ottawa)
Maritime Command (MARCOM), Ottawa
1 Canadian Air Division (1 CAD), Winnipeg
Canadian Forces Northern Area Headquarters (CFNAHQ), Yellowknife
19 Wing Comox
CFB Esquimalt (Maritime Pacific [MARPAC] one of two naval bases)
4 Wing Cold Lake
15 Wing Moose Jaw
17 Wing Winnipeg
1 Wing/CFB Kingston
8 Wing Trenton
16 Wing/CFB Borden
22 Wing North Bay
3 Wing Bagotville
12 Wing Shearwater
CFB Halifax (Maritime Forces Atlantic [MARLANT] one of two naval bases)
14 Wing Greenwood
5 Wing Goose Bay
CFS St John’s
9 Wing Gander
There are 47 unmanned and 36 manned radar sites maintained along the North Warning System (NWS), formerly called the Defence Early Warning (DEW) and Pine Tree lines, across the north from Inuvik to Bagotville. They are supported by 5 Logistics Support sites (LSS).
Canada has two military college campuses, Royal Military College of Canada (RMC) at Kingston, Ont, and Royal Military College Saint-Jean (RMC Saint-Jean) at St-Jean-sur-Richelieu, Qué. There are reserve units in every major city, and most smaller ones, in Canada. Forwarding Operating Locations are situated in Inuvik, NWT, and Rankin Inlet and Iqaluit, Nunavut.